atrmrfZrm;ef. b0ordkif; tusOf;csKyf?

atrmrfZrm;ef. b0ordkif; tusOf;csKyf?

emrawmf? ? atrmrfrsm;onf rdrdwdk@. aemufvdkufrsm; tm; atrmrfZrmefu. trnfudk xkyfazmfr ajym=um;=u&ef wm;jrpfxm;cJh=u+yD; Tr#om rdef@=um;cJh=uonfrSm - ol. emrawmfrSm wrefawmfjrwf. emrawmfjzpf+yD; *k%fyk'fawmf rSmvnf; wrefawmfjrwf. *k%fyk'fawmfuJhodk@yif jzpfonf?- ol. trnft&if;tm; ryGifhay:rD tcsdefxd ay:vGifpGm xkwf zmf ajymqdkydkifcGifh r±Sday?

bGJ@awmf? ? atrmrf. tausmf=um;qHk;aom bJG@awmfrsm;rSm buD;,okvfvm/ [G*sf*sof/ umtif(rf)ESifh rJ[f'Dwdk@ jzpfygonf?

zcrnf;awmf? ? 11yg;ajrmuf atrmrf/ atrmrf t(pf)u&D(t-p)?

r,fawmf? ? jrifhjrwfawmfrlaom eJ(&f)*sd(pf)(q)ocifr?

zGm;jrifonfh&ufpGJ? ? [pf*s&DouU&mZf 255ckESpf/ &Smhtfbefvjrwf 15&uf/ aom=umae@?

arG;&yfZmwd? ? tD&wfEdkifiH/ qmr&mòrdŒ

oufawmf? ? [pf*s&DouU&mZfjzifh wGufcsufrnfqdkv#if ,cktcsdefY oufawmf (1150) ESpfcef@&Sd+yD jzpfonf? tv†m[dkto#if jrwf. qENawmfjzifh xdktwdkif; u|Efkyfwdk@. tjrifrsm;rS aysmufuG,f aernf jzpf+yD; xdkt±Sif trdef@ay;onfh ae@wGif Tavm u}uD; wpfckvHk;tm; w&m;r#wr_rsm;/ at;csrf; om,mr_rsm;jzifh jynfhESufap&ef ðyvkyfvdrfhrnf jzpfonf?

[Z&ofrJ([f)'D(t-p)tm; tjcm;omoemrsm;wGifyg vufcH,Hk=unf=ujcif;?

       urBmwpf0Srf;vHk;tm; +idrf;csrf; om,map&ef ðyvkyfawmfrlrnfh atrmrfrJ([f)'D(t-p)tm; omo emtrsm;tjym;rS vufcH,Hk=unfxm;=uonf? o#Dtmrsm;omru pGEMDrsm;vnf; vufcH ,Hk=unf=u+yD; t jcm;omoemrsm; jzpf=uaom [dENL/ rD;udk;uG,faom ZJ&fol&Sf/ c&pf,mefESifh ,[l'Dtp&Sdonfhomo em0ifrsm;onfvnf; +idrf;csrf;om,map&ef ðyvkyf rnfhol zl; yGifhvmrnfudk 0efcH=u+yD; apmifhar#mfae =uavonf?

        [dENLrsm; aumif;uifususrf;[k vufcH ,Hk=unfxm;=uaom 'D;ef'ftrnf&Sd pmtkyfY azmfjyxm;onfrSm²²²²²²
(urBm}uD;wpfckvHk; ysufpD;oGm;+yD;aemuf refql;&f trnf&Sdaom bk&ifwpfyg; aemufqHk; tcsdefwGif ay:aygufvm+yD; urBm}uD;wpfckvHk;tm; tkyfpdk;um vl om;rsm;udk rdrd. omoembufodk@ zdwfac:vdrfhrnf jzpfonf? xdk@tjyif rnfolonf rdk@(tf)rif(ef)jzpfonf/ rnfolonf umzGJ(&f)jzpfonfudk od&Sdum vdktyfaom t&mtm;vHk; bk&m;ocifxHrS & &Sdrnfhol jzpf onf[k awG@&avonf?

       ZJ&fol&Sf. wynfhjzpfol *smrmqbftrnfjzifh a&;om;cJhaom pmtkyfY ajym=um;xm; onfrSm -tm&yfvlrsKd; [m&Sd(rf) . om;orD;rsm;rS trsKd;om;wpfOD; xGufay:vmvdrfhrnf? xdkolonf xGm; óudif;oefrmaom cEWmudk,f&Sd+yD; rdrdbdk;awmf. omoemrS aemufvdkuf jzpfonf? wyfom; trsm;t jym;jzifh tD&efodk@ a&muf&Sdvmum om,m0ajymap&ef ðyvkyfvdrfhrnf? xdkol. w&m;r#wr_a=umifh ajr acG;yifv#ifodk;ESifh twlwl a&aomuf vdrfh rnf[k jzpfygonf?

       Zeofqdkaom pmtkyfwGif rD;udk;uG,folrsm;. pmtkyfrS wpfqifh a&;om;azmfjyxm; onfrSm- bk &m;ocifudk udk;uG,folrsm; avmu}uD;Y atmifjrifr_&&SdoGm;csdefwGif raumif;qdk;0g;rsm;udk zsufodrf;ypf=uvdrfhrnf? ajrjyif&Sd raumif;qdk;0g;rsm;. tiftm;rsm; rSm ajrjyifwGifom&Sd+yD; aumif;uifY vrf;p r&Sd acs? bk&m;ocifudk udk;uG,folrsm; atmifjrifr_ &&SdcsdefwGif xdk raumif;qdk;0g;rsm;udk ESdrfESif; vdrfhrnf? avmu}uD;wck vHk; om,mvmvdrfhrnf jzpfonf? vlom;rsm;vnf; aumif;rGefpGm aexdkif=u&rnf [k jzpfavonf?

       aomif(0f)&m;(of)usrf;pmtkyf. ouf0D;eftrnf&Sd tcef;Y wrefawmftpfrmtD;vfrS qif;ouf vmrnfh 12yg;ajrmuf atrmrfESifh ywfoufIajymxm;onfrSm tpfrmtD;vf. & ydkifcGifhwGif toifh udk =um;odcJh&onfrSm Tr#ol@tm; aumif;csD;rsm; ay;oem;awmfrlcJh onf? ol@tm; &nfrSef;csufrsm;pGm odk@ a&muf&Sdrnf[k ,Hk=unfapcJhonf? ol@xHrS acgif;aqmif 12yg;tm; arG;xkwf+yD; }uD;rm;aom vl rsKd;pkwpfck jzpfay:aprnf? [Z&of 'g0l;'f. rZmrD;&fY azmfjyxm;onfrSm ²²²² xdk@aemuf tv†m[dkto#ifjrwfonf rSefuefajzmifhrwfol rsm;udk axmufcHawmfrlonf²²²²² rSefuef ajzmifhrwfolrsm;onf ajrjyif&Sd tarGqufcH olrsm; jzpf=u+yD; xdkajrjyifay:Y tpOftjrJ ae xdkifaernfholrsm;vnf; jzpf=uonf?

usrf;jrwfuk&ftmefYvnf; azmfjyxm;onfrSm - igwdk@onf aomif&m;of.aemuf Zbl&fwGif a&;om;xm; onfrSm igwdk@. rSefuef ajzmifhrwfaom aus;u|efrsm; ajrjyif. t arGqufcHolrsm; jzpfvm=uvdrfhrnf? xdk@aemuf qufvufazmfjyonfrSm ,cifvlom;rsm;udk ajrjyif&Sd udk,fpm;vS,frsm;tjzpf owfrSwfxm;cJhouJhodk@ tv†m[dkto#ifjrwfonf t oifwdk@twGif;rS tDrmef&Sd+yD; oifhavsmfrGefjrwfonfhtvkyfudk vkyfaqmif olrsm;tm; ajrjyif&Sd udk,fpm;vS,frsm;tjzpf owfrSwfawmfrlrnf[k uwdðy xm;+yD; jzpfonf? xdk@jyif xdkolrsm;twGuf oifhavsmfaom omoemudkvnf; wnf wHhap&ef owfrSwfvdrfhrnf jzpfonf? xdkolwdk@. a=umuf±GHŒr_rsm;udkvnf; wnf+idrfat;csrf;r_tjzpf ajymif;vJay;rnf? igto#ifjrwf wpfyg; wnf;udkom c0yf udk;uG,f=u+yD; tjcm; t&mwpfcktm; igt±SifjrwfESifhwkEd_if;I ,SOfòydifudk; uG,f=uvdrfhrnf r[kwfacs? xdk@jyif rdef@awmfrlxm;onfrSm

igwdk@onf tiftm;csdeJ@aom ajrjyifrS vlom;rsm;tay: aumif;r_rsm;udk ay;oem; vdkonf? xdkolwdk@tm; ajrjyif&Sd udk,fpm;vS,frsm;/ tarGqufcHolrsm;tjzpf owfrSwfay;vdk onf?

       Todk@aom tm,ofrsm;onf aemufqHk;Y urBm}uD; wpfckvHk;onf tv†m[dkto#if jrwf. rSefuefajzmifhrwfaom vlom;rsm; vufxJodk@a&muf&Sdvmvdrfhrnf/ tarGtESpfrsm; vnf; xdkolrsm;. vuf0,fodk@ a&muf&Sdvmvdrfhrnf/ vlom; rsm;. acgif;aqmif tqifhodk@ a&muf&Sdvmvdrfhrnf[k azmfjy aeonf? tu,fI vlom;rsm; tv†m[dkto#ifjrwf owf rSwfxm;onfh rSefuefonfh vrf;pOfrS vrf;vGJ vrf;rSm;odk@ a&muf&Sd oGm;=uonfESifh wòydifeuf edrfhusonfh ae&modk@a&muf&SdoGm;=u rnfom jzpfonf? tiftm;rsm;/ tawG;t ac:rsm;/ wdk;wufaom acwfynmrsm;jzifh Tavmu}uD;wGif at;csrf;om,mr_ESifh w&m;r#wr_ wdk@udk vuf0,fr&,lEdkif a=umif; vlom;rsm; odvm=uvdrfhrnf? xdk@tjyif rdrdwdk@. vdktyfcsufrsm;udk tDrmef/ 0[DAsm'dwfawmfESifh tv†m[dkto#ifjrwf cef@tyfawmfrl onfh a0vm,ofwdk@tm; vufcHjcif;jzifhom jznfhpGufEdkifrnf[laom vrf;pOfudkom a±G;cs,f =u&rnfjzpfum tv†m[dkto#ifjrwf apv$wfawmfrlonfh +idrf;csrf;a&;acgif;aqmif. acgif; aqmifr_jzifhom rdrdwdk@. tcuftcJrsm;udk ajz±Sif;&rnf? jrifhjrwf aumif;rGefonfh vrf;pOfudkom av#muf vSrf;&rnf? odk@rSom at;csrf; om,maom/ w&m;r#waom tkyfcsKyf r_jzifh Tavmu}uD;onf +idrf;csrf;vmrnf jzpfonf?

atrmrfZrmef(t-p) zGm;jrifawmfrljcif;?

       [G*sf*softdAfae[qef(t-p)jzpfol u|Efkyfwdk@. 12yg;ajrmufatrmrfonf [pf*s&DouU &mZf 255ck(c&pfouU&mZf 868ck)/ &Smhtfbefvjrwf 15&uf/ aom=umae@wGif qmr &mjrdK@&Sd wpfq,fhwpfyg;ajrmuf atrmrf. aetdrfawmfY zGm;jrifawmfrlcJhonf? zcifrSm wpfq,fh wpfyg;ajrmufatrmrftufPu&D (t-p)jzpf+yD; rdcifawmfrSmqlqef;ESifh qGdKifuJvftjzpf vnf; trnfwGifaom eJ&f*sDpfocifr jzpfyg onf? ,la±Stmqdkaom a&mr bk&if. ajr;jzpf+yD;/ c&pfawmf rqD;[f. aemufvdkufjzpfaom &Srftl;ef. aqGpOfrsKd;qufrS jzpfonf? eJ&f*sDpf. xdkodk@aom jrifhjrwfr_rsm;a=umifh atrmroftodkif;t0dkif;rS jrifhjrwfaom atrmrf[m'D. nDrjzpfol [uDrmocifronf xdkocifrtm; rdrd. OD;pD;OD;aqmi/f tdrfawmfol/ tdrfawmfom;rsm;. acgif;aqmiftjzpf owfrSwfxm;cJh+yD; rdrd udk,fudk xdkocifrtm; ðypkapmifha±Smufoltjzpf owfrSwfcJhonf? eJ&f*sDpf'ocifr a&mrY &SdaepOftcsdef tHh=ozG,f aumif;aom tdyfrufrsm; rufcJhonf? tdyfrufxJY wrefawmfjrwf(qG)ESifh [Z&oftDqmwdk@udk rdrdtm; atrmrf tufPu&DESifh vufxyfxdrf;jrm;ay;aeonfudk awG@jrifcJhonf? tjcm;tdrfrufwpf ckYvnf; [Z&of ZJ[f&mocifr. zdwfac:r_a=umifh rGpPvif(rf)jzpfcJha=umif;udkawG@jrifcJhonf? odk@aomf rdrd rGpPvif(rf)jzpfa=umif;udk rdom;pktm; zGifhrajymbJ zHk;uG,fxm;cJhonf? tdyfruf xJwGif ocifrtm; trsm;olig rodap&ef e,fpyfodk@oGm;aom ppfom;rsm;jzifh vdkufygoGm;&ef trdef@ ay;cJhavonf?

       ocifr}uD;onf xdktrdef@twdkif; vkyfaqmifcJh&m e,fpyfwGif rGpPvif(rf)ppfom; rsm;ESifh tcif;jzpfyGm;+yD; xdkppfom;rsm;. oHk@yef;tjzpf zrf;qD;cHcJh&onf? xdkocifrtm; bk&iftodkif;t 0dkif;rS jzpfonfudk rodaoma=umifh tjcm; oHk@yef;rsm;ESifhtwl b*f 'gh'fodk@ ac:aqmifoGm;cJh=uonf? Ttjzpftysufonf q,fyg;ajrmufatrmrf atrmrf [m'Du. tkyfcsKyfa&; aemufqHk;t csdefwGif jzpfyGm;cJh+yD; at rmrfudk,fwdkif a&mrbm ompum;jzifh a&;om;cJhaom pmtm; atrmrf. t rdef@jzifh tcdkif;taponf b*f'gh'f&Sd eJ&f*sDpfocifrxH ydk@ocJhonf? xdk@jyif xdkocifrtm; aus;u|efrsm; a&mif;csolxHrS 0,f,lcJh+yD; qmr&mjrdK@&Sd atrmrf[m'DxHodk@ ac: aqmifoGm;cJhonf? at rmrfonf eJ&f*sDpfocifr rufcJhaom tdyfrufrsm;tm;vHk;udk ajymjycJh+yD; 11yg;ajrmufatrmrf. ZeD; onf urBm wpf0Srf;vHk;tm; w&m;r#wr_rsm;/ at;csrf;om,mr_rsm;jzifh tkyfcsKyfrnfhom; awmf. rdcifjzpfa=umif;udkvnf; owif;ay; ajym=um;cJhonf? xdk@aemuf atrmrfonf ocifrtm; tpPvmrf. Oya'o rsm;/ ,Ofaus;r_rsm; oif=um;ay;&eftwGuf rdrd. todkif; t0dkif;rS jrifhjrwfaom [uDrm ocifr xHodk@ v$JtyfcJhonf? tcsdeftawmf=um+yD;aemuf ocifrtm; atrmrftufPu&DESifh vufxyfxdrf; jrm; ay;cJh=uavonf?

       [uDrmocifronf atrmrftufPu&DxHodk@ a&muf&Sdwdkif; om;orD;ay;oem;&eft wGuf tv†m[dkto#ifjrwfxHrS 'dktm awmif;ay;avh &Sdonf? [uDrmocifr ajym=um;onf rSm u|efr[m atrmrf xHudk oGm;wJhtcgwdkif; u|efr awmif;aeus 'dktmudkbJ wyfcgwvJ vJ awmif;aecJhrdygw,f? xdktcg atrmrfajym=um;onfrSm- toif u|Efkyfwdk@twGuf tv†m[dkto#ifjrwfxHawmfrS awmif;cHay;aewJh om;orD;&zdk@ 'dktm'DnrSm txajrmufawmh r,f? eJ&f*sDpfocifronf u|efr. zdeyfudk c|wfay;&ef ta±S›odk@wdk;vm+yD; - tdkocifr t oifh. zdeyftm; u|efrudkay;yg? xdktcg toifonf u|Efkyf. acgif;aqmifocifr jzpfw,f? rnfonfhtcgr# u|Efkyf. zdeyfudk c|wfay;&ef/ ðypk&ef cGifhrðyawmhyg? u|Efkyfomv#if toifhudk ðypk apmifha±Smufygr,f'[k jyefajymvdkufrdygonf? atrmrfrufPu&Dvnf; u|efr. pum;rsm;udk =um; +yD; ajym=um;onfrSm 'tdk u|Efkyfzcif. ESrawmf tv†m[dkt o#ifjrwf t oifhtwGuf aumif;rGefaom qkvmbfrsm;udk ay;oem;ygap?

       u|efr ae0ifcgeD;tcsdefxd ol@xHwGif &SdaecJhygonf? xdk@ aemuf tcdkif;taptm; tjyifodk@ oGm;I tusôudk,lcdkif;vdkufyg onf? xdktcsdefwGif atrmrfajymqdkonfrSm 'ta': 'Dnudk u|Efkyfwdk@ xHyg;rSmaeyg? bmjzpfvdk@vnf;qkdawmh tv†m[dkto#ifjrwf cspfjrwfEdk;ol zGm;jrifvmrSm jzpfygw,f? tv†m[dkt o#ifjrwfonf ol. trDSo[Jjzifh aoqHk;ae+yD;jzpfaom urBm}uD;tm; jyef vnf±Sifoefaprnf jzpfonf? xdktcg ocifronf - tdk acgif;aqmifocif rnfolarG;zGm;rSmvJ? u|efr eJ&f*sDpfxHwGif udk,f0ef&Sdonfh t&dyft a&mif wpfckrS rjrifcJhyg? atrmrfrS - tjcm;b,folrS r[kwfbl; eJ&f*sDpf rD;zGm;rSm jzpfw,f"[k ajymavonf?

       u|efr xdkif&mrSxI eJ&f*sDpftm; aoaocsmcsm =unfhvdkuf&m udk,f0ef&Sdonfh t&dyfta&mif wpfpHkwpf&mr# rawG@cJh yg? xdk@a=umifh atrmrfhxHodk@ jyefoGm;I rdrd. tjzpftysuftm; jyefajym vdkufcsdefwGif atrmrfonf ðyH;I/ olrpDrSm uav;&Sdw,fqdkwm eHeufapmapm=u&if od&ygvdrfh r,f? bmjzpfvdk@vnf;qdkawmh olr[m rlqm. rdcifuJhodk@ udk,f0efaqmif csdefrS rD;zGm;csdefxd wpfOD;wpfa,muftwGufr# rodom ray: vGifcJhvdk@yg? tJ'guvnf; zD&fatmif(ef)[m rlqm arG;zGm; rSmudk odwJhtwGufa=umifh udk,f0efaqmiftrsKd;orD;awG&JŒ AdkufawGudk cGJcJh wJhtwGuf a=umifh jzpfygw,f? 'Dn arG;zGm;vmr,fh uav;[mvnf; rlqmvdk zD&fatmif(ef)awG&JŒ tkyfcsKyfr_udk ar$aESmufvdrfhrnf? rlqmuJhodk@ ol@tm; vdkufvH±SmazGae=uvdrfhr,f?

       [uDrmocifrajym=um;onfrSm- u|efr eHufrdk;aomufcsdefxd eJ&f*sDpftm; *±kpdkufae cJhygonf? olrvnf; u|efrtem;rSm nOfheuftxd v_yf±Sm;r_r&SdbJ tdyfaysmfaecJhonf? odk@aomf aexGufcsdef wGif a=umufvef@aeaoma=umifh &ifcGifxJY ayG@ydkuf xm;vdkuf+yD; tv†m[dkto#ifjrwf. emrawmftm; olrtwGuf zwf±Gwfay;aeygonf? atrmrf tcef;twGif; rS toHðyvdkufonfrSm- olrtwGuf ql&[f u'f&fudk zwfay;yg? u|efrvnf; olrtwGuf xdkql&[fudk zwfay;ae+yD; tajctaetm; ar;jref;vdkufonfhtcg-toifhtwGuf u|ef r.t±Sifocifay;cJhonfh owif; ay:vGifvm+yD jzpfonf[k ajz =um;avonf?

       u|efrvnf; atrmrf rdef@awmfrlxm;onfhtwdkif; xdk ql&[ftm; qufvufI zwf ±GwfaecJhonf? xdktcsdefwGifyif 0rf;AdkuftwGif;rS uav;i,fonf u|efrESifhtwl ql &[f tm; vdkufzwfae+yD; u|efrtm; pvmrfay;avonf? u|efrvnf; tvGefa=umuf vef@oGm;ygonf? atrmrfrS rdef@awmf rlonfrSm/ tv†m[dkto#ifjrwf. vkyf&yfrsm;udk rtHh=oygESifh? xdkt±Sifjrwfonf u|Efkyfwdk@tm; i,fpOfuav;b0rSyif tkyfcsKyfr_ESifh ywfoufI oif=um;ay;cJh+yD; }uD;jyif;vmcsdefwGif ol@.udk,f pm;vS,ftjzpf owfrSwf avonf?

       atrmrf. pum;rqHk;rDwGifyif u|efrESifh eJ(&f)*spft =um;wGif t&mwpfck jcm;vdkuf ovdkjzpfoGm;+yD; olrudk rjrif&awmhyg/ u|efrvnf; atmf[pf+yD; atrmhrfxHodk@ ajy;oGm; vdkufygonf/ xdktcg atrmrfonf ta': jyefoGm;yg/ olrudk jyefawG@&ygvdrfhr,f[k ajym =um;avonf? u|efrvnf; jyefoGm;cJhygonf? r=umrDtcsdefwGifyif olrESifh u|efrt=um; wGif&Sdaom t[ef@twm; aysmufuG,foGm;+yD; ol rtm; tvGefvif;0if;aom tvif;a&mifrsm; jzifh awG@jrifvdkufygonf? xdk@aemuf zGm;jrifxm;aom om;a,mufsm;av;onfvnf; ppf*sf'[f vkyfaeonfudk awG@jrifvdkuf&ygonf? xdk@jyif 'l;wkyfxdkifae+yD; vufnd‡K;axmifI tm,oftcsKd@udk zwf±Gwfaeonf?

       xdk@aemuf atrmrfwpfyg;pDudk oufaoay;+yD;aemuf ajymqdkonfrSm/ tdktv†m[kdt o#ifjrwf u|Efkyf. uwdopPmtm; vufawG@ðyvkyfEdkif&ef tiftm;ay;oem;awmfrlyg? u|Efkyf. tvkyfrsm;udkvnf; qHk;cef;wdkifa&mufonftxd vkyfaqmifEdkifcGifh ay;oem; awmfrlyg? u|Efkyf. ajcvSrf;rsm;udkvnf; cdkifcef@pGm xm;&Sd/ ay;oem;awmfrlyg? urBmwpf 0Srf;vHk;udkvnf; u|Efkyfa=umifh w&m;r#wjcif;rsm;jzifh jynfhESufapawmfrlyg²²²²²

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